The tourism sector is a backbone in the economies of developed and developing countries, particularly in those where the tourist is the principal source of income and foreign currencies, and where job vacancies are made. Since tourism is highly conventional throughout the 21st century, international tourist arrivals are projected to rise annually by 3.8 percent between 2010 and 2020, even though they were higher than the World Trade Organisation’s 2014 (4 percent) estimates. Moreover, tourism, especially for developing countries, is regarded as a source of economic development.
Tourism and education are critical players in the economy of nations. There are many challenges to the business, such as competing forces, lack of cooperation, the absence of long-term strategy, the constant shift of governments, and the unclarification of the role of tourism stakeholders. These are the main challenges facing the tourism sector and the significant potential barriers to successfully implementing tourist policies. Tourism is a political issue, and political instability has dramatically affected it. It has grown ever since, mainly because of the continually increasing mobility of people and growth in many countries. The more visitors and tourists travel across the globe, the higher the need to organize and control the desires of different actors interested in tourism growth. Policies have a course of action for decision-making and reasonable outcomes. They examine the factors impacting tourism policy in countries and how such systems may be introduced to improve the tourism industry.
Consequently, tourism policy focuses on the following themes: first, the historical analytical approach to tourism policy. Second, a few instances from around the globe include an in-depth overview of the value of positive tourism strategies for sustainable growth. Thirdly, an analysis of these policies and the key factors influencing the formulation of tourism policies were implemented for the primary purpose. Forth, it also addressed an outline of challenges to the effective adoption of tourism policies. Therefore, it is intended to research factors that affect the formulation and the future implementation of tourism policies. Such variables differ in their description, clarification, future effect on the economy, and capacity to enforce such policies. Therefore, an investigation is required concerning the obstacles behind the ineffective introduction of such systems, such as the weak cooperation between players in the tourism industry, competing forces, and far more related factors. Although independent variables are the influences affecting the design of tourism policies, the possible applicability of such systems would be based.